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Collection of Scenic Spots & Historic Sites
2014-03-25
Confucius Temple
Located North Shore of Wende Bridge of the Qinhuai River and also known as the Fuzi Temple, the Wen Temple or the Wenxuan Temple, originally, it referred only to a temple that worships the scholar of the earliest ancient Chinese Confucius, Kong Zi. During the first year of Jingde Era of North SONG Dynasty (1034), a new temple was freshly reconstructed at the site of the Eastern Jin Dynasty Imperial College, and the school of Jiankang prefectural government was moved here, and so, the two, Confucius Temple and the prefectural school, were combined together, and they were collectively called the Confucius Temple. Experienced thousand years of repeated rises and falls, in 1982 it was listed as Nanjing cultural relic protection site, and in 1984 a reconstruction process was gradually launched. After years of development, the Confucius Temple, with Wen Temple and Prefectural School as its main body, has become an ancient building that shows very large and special. It takes the Dacheng Hall as the center, and from the Big Screen Wall in the South, to Wei-Hill, and to Jingyi pavilion of the North, it shows off a central axis, with buildings placed on both sides symmetrically around the axis. The area it covers is about 2.63 hectares. From south to north, it lays out the Big Screen Wall, Panchi Pool, the Square of "World Literati", Kuixing Court, Juxing Pavilion, Lingxing Gate, Dacheng Hall, Mingde Hall, Congsheng Temple, Qingyun Building, Wei Hill, and Jingyi Pavilion. In exception that the Big Screen Wall is located at the south bank of the Qinhuai River, the rest are in the north bank, and the segment of Qinhuai here is called as Panchi Pool. Of which, the Large Screen Wall, inaugurated in the third year of Wanli era of the Ming Dynasty (1575) with a length of 110 meters and a height of 10 meters, was all built with bricks and the whole length is no. 1 of the kinds in the country. Of the layout of the Confucius Temple, the front is the Temple and the backend is the school (school house), fully reflecting the essence of Confucianism: "Respecting Confucius and Teachers”. The markets are located on the east and west of the temple, forming a unique pattern of Unity of Temple and markets. The Confucius Temple is a core area of Nanjing that reflects the historical beauty of Qinhuai, and now has become the center of the scenic Qinhuai River.

Qinhuai River
Running through the hinterland Nanjing, known as the "mother river", and a tributary of the Yangtze River, the Qinhuai River is divided into 2 rivers at the point of Eastern Shuiguan: one is the city guardian, running around the city and called the Outer Qinhuai; and the other is running through the heartland of the city from the east to west, called the Inner Qinhuai. The total length of the Inner River is 5 km, known as "Ten Li Qinhuai River" in Chinese, and is the essence of the Qinhuai Scenic Belt. The theme of Ancient literatures and poem works is often based on Qinhuai River, and one particularly notable is the poet in the Tang Dynasty, Du Mu, whose poem the “Anchorage on the Bank of Qinhuai” is the most famous. In addition, there are lots of Chinese idioms such as "A Belly-Bared Son-in-Law to Be(坦腹东床)", "Adding Eyes to a Painted Dragon (画龙点睛)" , "Green Plum and Bamboo House (青梅竹马literally means childhood friends)", among others, that all are also out of this place. The